How does viral hepatitis affect sex?

BACKGROUND – Viral hepatitis is an infectious disease that has increased rapidly in recent years. Hepatitis virus can be sexually transmitted and hepatitis also affects sexual ability to some extent.
Can all forms of viral hepatitis be sexually transmitted?

All three common forms of viral hepatitis, A, B, and C, can all be sexually transmitted, but hepatitis C is less common.

Hepatitis A is transmitted by the gastrointestinal tract, which can be by direct or indirect contact between the mouth and the anus or the fingers or an object that touches the anus of an infected person. That alone is enough to spread the disease.

People with viral hepatitis should limit sexual activity and use safe sex solutions.

People with viral hepatitis should limit sexual activity and use safe sex solutions.

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (Hepatitis B virus, abbreviated HBV). And hepatitis B is not transmitted through casual contact such as shaking hands, hugging and kissing lightly (kiss on cheeks, hands…). But in case a person infected with hepatitis B has lesions in the oral cavity (ulcers, gingivitis, gingivitis, etc.), it is still possible to transmit the disease to others when kissing or being close, even though they have not had sex.

Regarding the routes of hepatitis B infection, hepatitis B can be transmitted from an infected person to an uninfected person through 3 routes: blood, sexual contact and from mother to child. With sex, the hepatitis B virus is transmitted by contact with genital fluids through sexual contact such as: through unprotected sex (without using a condom) through the vagina, anus or mouth with an infected partner. This type of hepatitis is 50 to 100 times more contagious than HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) and especially through sexual contact.

Hepatitis C is spread through contact with the blood of an infected person (blood from genital sores, cuts, or menstrual blood). Although hepatitis C virus is less likely to be sexually transmitted than B and A, it can still happen.

Any sexual act that can cause scratches or damage carries a high risk of transmitting the hepatitis virus. Anal sex is more risky than vaginal sex. Both types of sex carry a higher risk than oral sex. Oral-anal contact is also risky behavior. To reduce the risk of transmitting the virus, use condoms and get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.

Viral hepatitis and risk with sex
When you have hepatitis A, symptoms such as GPT and ALT levels are significantly increased, the whole body is impotent, yellow skin, etc. recovery, moreover at this time the contagiousness of the disease is very high, it is very easy to spread the disease to sexual partners. Therefore, when you have hepatitis A, you should rest, save your physical strength, and try to avoid sexual activity.

The mucus and semen of a person with hepatitis B can spread the disease. In the mucus and semen of hepatitis B patients, hepatitis B surface antigens are found, so, through kissing and sexual activities, hepatitis B can also be transmitted. If forced to have sex If you have sex, you should pay attention: should not kiss, and at the same time should use a good quality condom to isolate the infected mucus and semen of the patient.

With hepatitis C, in the period of acute illness, systemic symptoms are obvious, then sex should not be practiced.

Patients with chronic hepatitis, if normal, their disease status is quite good, liver function indicators are normal or even though they are abnormal but do not show obvious symptoms, they can conduct reasonable sexual activities. should be too abusive, the intercourse time should not be too long so that you do not feel tired. Usually sexual activity does not negatively affect liver function, but should also be adjusted and controlled.

On the other hand, people with hepatitis and their sexual partners should understand that chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis can lead to serious disorders of the excretory system, which in turn significantly affects sexual ability. Digestive effects The liver’s exclusion for female sex hormones (estrogen) is relatively weak, so blood levels are high. The amount of male sex hormone (testosterone) in the body tends to decrease, perhaps due to testicular shrinkage and decreased secretion function or abnormal secretion of adrenocortical hormone. When the male sex hormone levels are relatively low, there is an imbalance in the ratio of male sex hormones and female sex hormones which can cause low libido and impotence.

In addition, studies have also proven that: during sexual activity, blood circulation increases rapidly, the heart works harder, blood pressure increases, pulse beats faster, and breathing becomes rapid. The energy expended in a single sex session is equivalent to the energy expended in a 100m race. Such a large physical loss is very unprofitable for hepatitis B patients who need rest.

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